Symptoms Of The Different Types Of Schizophrenia

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The symptoms of Schizophrenia are divided into positive and negative symptoms. In general, the positive symptoms consist of hallucinations and delusions and the negative symptoms include lack of emotion, social withdrawal and apathy.

There are several different sub categories of schizophrenia, each of which is recognised by the dominant symptoms within that type. The following represents a list of the different types of schizophrenia along with a description of their symptoms.

Paranoid Schizophrenia

As the name suggests, this type of schizophrenia is characterised by paranoia and suspicion. The individual tends to be very suspicious of the actions and intentions of others and may believe that he or she is being persecuted, followed, and plotted against by others, even family members. They may show anger and aggression in an attempt to defend themselves against their perceived persecution.

Hallucinations and delusions are a feature of this type of schizophrenia. Auditory hallucinations may take the form of voices telling them what to do or criticising them. Delusions may involve delusions of grandeur where the individual may believe themselves to be some famous personality or religious figure and of course, delusions of persecution.

Disorganised Schizophrenia

People with this type of schizophrenia may have great difficulty in expressing their emotions and feelings and their speech tends to be disorganised, incoherent and rambling.
Another characteristic of this type is expressing emotions that are not appropriate to the situation, for example laughing or smiling on hearing bad news and becoming visibly upset at good news. Delusions and hallucinations may be present but don’t tend to be extreme.

A person with this type may not be able to function or care for themselves effectively so their normal daily routines are affected.

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Symptoms of Catatonic schizophrenia include extreme social withdrawal, lack of facial expression and emotion and odd or bizarre bodily positions. For example they may maintain the same body position for hours on end even though it looks uncomfortable or they might move about and fidget constantly.

The person with this type may say nothing for hours or they might repeat in a parrot like fashion everything someone else says (echolalia) or they may mimic someone else’s body movements and gestures (echopraxia).

Residual Schizophrenia

If a person has had at least one episode of schizophrenia before but is showing no positive symptoms at the moment, such as hallucinations and delusions, they may be diagnosed with residual schizophrenia. With this type of schizophrenia the individual will often display negative symptoms.

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

When an individual displays symptoms that cannot be clearly attributed to any one type of schizophrenia or they are showing symptoms of more than one type, then undifferentiated schizophrenia may be diagnosed.

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