Psychotherapy Treatments For Depression

Learn how I beat Depression

The treatments for depression can include medication, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy.  It can also be treated by combinations of the above treatment modalities.  Psychotherapy itself may take many different approaches in treating depression.  Three of the possible approaches use cognitive psychotherapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, and psychodynamic psychotherapy.

Cognitive Psychotherapy

The cognitive approach operates from the belief that thoughts cause emotions.  It is the interpretation of events and not the events themselves that cause a person’s feelings.  From this vantage point, one only has to change one’s thinking to change one’s emotions.

Depression is seen as a distorted view of the world caused by distortions in cognitions or thoughts.  By recognizing and correcting these cognitive distortions, the patient begins to heal his or her view of the world and that individual’s emotions follow suit.  The cognitive distortions cause the depression in this school of thought so when they are corrected so is the depressed state.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

The interpersonal school of thought deals with relationships.  It investigates the role of relationships in the patient’s life and how that may in turn be affecting that patient’s mood state.  The role of relationships in a person’s life can have a tremendous impact on his or her mood and overall ability to function.

This approach involves an exploration of the roles that an individual fills, the changing from one role to another, and other social deficits that the individual may currently possess.  Through this examination of interpersonal dynamics, many of the root causes of the depression may be discovered and addressed.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic theory sees childhood issues as the root cause of problems that manifest in adulthood.  When these issues are left unresolved, they surface later in life, in adulthood, and cause problems for the adult.  It offers reasoning as to why some individuals would make decisions and choices that are not in their best interest or that may be flat out harmful to them.

It explores a worldview that was formed in childhood so that aspects that are not conducive to healthy functioning as an adult can be revealed and changed.  New ways of coping and dealing with daily life can then be developed.

Treating depression with psychotherapy aims to get to the root of the problem as opposed to just treating the symptoms.  Addressing the symptoms may be necessary in the short term, but the underlying issues must be brought to the surface and dealt with for recovery to be sustained.  This is what the many forms of psychotherapy aim to accomplish.

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