Drug Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

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Classified as a major mental illness, bipolar disorder causes are often very physical.  Evidence from neurological and psychiatric studies strongly suggest that they biologically base bipolar disorders in the endocrine, nervous and even immune systems.  There is also scientific research that suggests bipolar disorder is an imbalance of neurotransmitters making this a medical condition also.  Treatments for bipolar disorder are mainly drugs, which doctors use to directly control both body and brain chemistries, along with using psychotherapy.  For some bipolar disorder patients, hospitalization is required to help the person attain a stability point safely.  In extreme circumstances or cases, there are less common treatment options available.

The correct medications used for treatment of bipolar disorder can aide in stabilizing mood highs and lows, which can also help patients manage their disorders and symptoms.  For extreme symptoms including co-occurring disorders and psychosis, there are several new drugs on the market.  The list of the medications used in the treatment for bipolar disorder is vast and includes:

? Sedatives and Anti-Anxiety Medication – Doctors often use these drugs along with hypnotics and tranquilizers in treatment of bipolar disorder to help patients suffering from intense manic episodes, to relieve anxiety and to regulate sleep patterns.
? Antidepressants – When patients go into severely depressed states, they use antidepressant medications to treat the depression.
? Mood stabilizers – Effective mood stabilizers vary according to the patient’s medical conditions and bipolar episodes.  Doctors often prescribe a combination of drugs because this is usually more effective but the medications choices must be unique for each patient.  In the treatment for bipolar disorder, doctors use mood stabilizers to reduce suicidal thoughts and risks; decrease manic and depression intensity; treat mixed or manic episodes; and more.

A non-Medication treatment for bipolar disorder is ‘talking therapy’ or psychotherapy.  Normally used in combination with drugs, studies show that the two combined are more effective than using only psychotherapy or only drugs.  Depending upon the patient’s medical and personal history, there are psychiatrists, counsellors, psychologists, social workers and other healthcare professionals trained to treat bipolar patients using different psychotherapy types.  Some of these therapies include cognitive-behavioural therapy that helps patients become aware of their negative or faulty thinking and shows them how to think in a healthier, better way.  It is often difficult for people suffering from bipolar disorder to cope with life’s losses and changes.  Interpersonal therapy provides bipolar patients with the skills required to understand effects and develop healthy ways to cope with loss and change.

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