Different Types of Anxiety Children and Adolescents often Face

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Many people believe that when it comes to anxiety, children do not suffer from this disorder, but unfortunately, that is not true.  Anxiety disorders and attacks are a very frequent and common problem in adolescents and children.  They typically cause children to experience uneasiness, worry and intense fear that can last for years and seriously affect their lives if they do not receive treatment when young. With untreated anxiety, children often experience depression and other chronic anxiety disorders as teenagers and adults.

It is important to deal with childhood anxiety disorders early because it could lead to drug and alcohol use; poor relationships with peers; adult anxiety disorder; dropping out of school or repeated absences; or low self-esteem.  A large percentage of children with anxiety disorders receive no treatment for their condition for ten or more years, often resulting in persistent or chronic anxiety as adults.

Anxiety is a personal sense of distress, dread, concern and fear, which are sensations everyone suffers from occasionally.  Often accompanied by physical symptoms, severe anxiety could result in serious physiological and psychological problems.  Some of the physical symptoms include:

? Diarrhoea
? Headaches
? Stomach upset and pain
? Nausea or vomiting
? Chest tightening or pain
? Sweating
? Weakness
? Heart palpitations
? Shortness of breath
? Ulcers

Severe anxiety disorders can also have an affect on children’s concentration and learning, decision-making abilities, and their thinking.

There are several types of anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety disorder.  Children with this disorder have unrealistic, extreme, incessant worries about normal everyday activities such as being on time for school, their academic performance, or talking in front of schoolmates.  Young people with generalized anxiety disorder often feel very tense, self-conscious and have an overwhelming need for support and reassurance.  Some children will complain about headaches, nausea or other problems that are generally unfounded.

Young people suffering from repeated panic attacks that are unfounded show signs of panic disorder.  Panic attacks in children can be so frightening that they become terrified of suffering another one, which can result in being afraid of going to school. Children having a panic attack often feel intense fear, nausea, a feeling of impending death, pounding heartbeat, dizziness and/or sweating.

Another anxiety children may suffer from is separation anxiety disorder where a child fears leaving their parents even to attend camp, school or stay at their friends place.  Signs of this disorder include trouble falling asleep, clinging to their parents, depression, withdrawal, sadness or fear of their parents dying.

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