Bipolar Types

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Manic depression is a complex issue, as evidenced by the various bipolar types. This mood disorder can be evasive for some whilst others demonstrate marked symptoms of the condition. Following is an exploration into the various types of manic depression.

Manic Depression

Manic depression is synonymous with bipolar disorder. Individuals who have this condition experience extreme changes in emotion. The individual has bouts of high energy and excitement followed by bouts of depression and despair. The individual experiences these shifts in cycles that can be predictable.

Rapid Cycling

An individual who has rapid cycling bipolar disorder has significant shifts in mood at least four times in a twelve-month timeframe. Some people experience rapid mood swings within a few days or weeks. Others may have four or five cycles in a year’s time.

Mixed State

The mixed state is problematic because the individual experiences the symptoms of mania and depression at the same time. This makes recognizing manic-depressive disorder difficult in some cases.


Hypomania is a lesser form of mania that involves euphoria and confidence paired with unexpected aggression, irritability and impatience. The individual has many ideas at once and this may lead to a loss of focus and the inability to concentrate. Hypomania may cause the individual to make rash decisions and poor judgment.


Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder. This mood condition includes shifts in emotions ranging from dismal to very happy but at a lesser severity than manic depression. The patient does not meet the criteria for a bipolar disorder diagnosis.


Extreme cases of bipolar disorder may experience psychosis as part of the symptoms. Psychotic episodes are severe and frightening because the individual may see or hear things that are not present. Delusional beliefs are reflective of the person’s current state. For example, the patient may become overly confident and have delusions of grandeur during a manic stage whilst having unrealistic feelings of worthlessness during depressive states.

Bipolar Spectrum

The mood disorder has a spectrum of symptoms and severity. There are variations in the duration of the symptoms and some people experience the mood dysfunction very differently. For these reasons, many assert that bipolar is not a single diagnosis but a spectrum of disorders.

Bipolar disorder has many faces. The condition also has many names including mood disorder and manic depression. Understanding the bipolar types is a wonderful approach to gaining a comprehensive perception of the condition.

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