Bipolar Disease Details

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Many people readily recognise bipolar disease as manic depression. The patient experiences extreme shifts in mood ranging from euphoric to depressive states in this condition. However, many people do not know the important details about bipolar disorder.

Prevalence of Manic Depression

An estimated 1% of adults are believed to have bipolar disorder. However, manic depression can affect children and adolescents as well. This number is merely an estimate because many people who have this mood disorder never seek treatment. The condition has a various levels of severity and some may not recognize the symptoms. Others may think that they have attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder or depression.

ADHD and Bipolar Disease

Bipolar disorder’s manic episodes share some of the characteristics of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, especially in children. The shared symptoms include the following:

* Inability to stay on task
* Irritability
* Hyperactivity
* Dramatic actions
* Inability to listen
* Inattentiveness
* Inappropriate behaviours
* Insomnia

The shared symptoms make diagnosis difficult in some cases. This is problematic when children and adults exhibit manic symptoms that are so similar to ADHD. If the individuals do not express concern about depressed states, they may receive a misdiagnosis.

Depression and Bipolar Disease

Depressive disorder is another condition that is confusing when it comes to making a diagnosis as well. Many people seek help because they are in a depressed state while not recognizing that they have manic episodes. In many cases, manic stages are quite pleasant and individuals show no concern for mania.

Mania Problems

This is not to suggest that manic episodes are purely euphoric. Some patients exhibit significant personality problems during manic stages. Problems with mania include:

* Excessive spending
* Erratic behaviours
* Poor judgment
* Impulsivity
* Sleeplessness
* Irritability
* Frustration
* Uncontrolled, racing thoughts

Manic episodes can lead to significant problems with career and interpersonal relationships because the individual acts on impulse without thinking matters through. Poor judgement, excessive purchases and irritability can lead to conflict.

Psychosis in Bipolar Disorder

Psychotic episodes can develop in some cases. This is particularly problematic because the individual becomes irrational and delusional. The inability to distinguish between imagination and reality makes recovery very difficult and these individuals may suffer from isolation and mistrust.

Illness

It is important to recognize that bipolar disease is a treatable mental illness. Medication and proper care can yield excellent results in the treatment of this condition. Even though there is no cure, there are helpful interventions that provide relief from the troublesome symptoms of manic depression.

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